prl-camarops

Class Sordariomycetes O.E. Erikss. & Winka

Myconet 1: 10 (1997)

Type: Sordaria Ces. & De Not. 1863

These fungi are also known as pyrenomycetes (= fire-fungi) and perithecial ascomycetes. A perithecium (= surrounding-case) is a flask-like container for the asci and spore production. Many of these fungi have the perithecia embedded in a black stroma (= bed covering). Apparently the appearance of these small black lumps relates to the genus name Sordaria, for which Tom Volk says: Sord means 'dirt' (like sordid) and aria means 'that which is.' The class contains 3 subclasses and 18 orders. Classification follows Lumbsch and Huhndorf (2010).

  1. Subclass Hypocreomycetidae
    • Coronophorales (5 families)
    • Hypocreales (7 families)
    • Melanosporales (1 family)
    • Microascales (3 families)
    • Uncertain placement (2 families and 7 genera)
  2. Subclass Sordariomycetidae
    • Boliniales (1 family)
    • Calosphaeriales (2 families)
    • Chaetosphaeriales (1 family)
    • Coniochaetales (1 family)
    • Diaporthales (10 families)
    • Magnaporthales (1 family)
    • Ophiostomatales (2 families)
    • Sordariales (3 families)
    • Uncertain placement (4 families and many genera)
  3. Subclass Xylariomycetidae
    • Xylariales (6 families)
    • Uncertain placement (9 genera)
  4. Sordariomycetes, orders with uncertain placement
    • Koralionastetales (1 family)
    • Lulworthiales (2 families)
    • Meliolales (2 families)
    • Phyllachorales (2 families)
    • Trichosphaeriales (1 family)
    • Uncertain placement (4 families and many genera)
Taxonomy:
Index Fungorum has this Editiorial Comment: Type cited as 'Sordariales', see Arts 7.1, 10.7, 16.1(a). The type given by Index Fungorum is Sordaria as listed above.
Related links:
Lumbsch, H.T. & S.H. Huhndorf. 2010. Myconet Volume 14. Part One. Outline of Ascomycota—2009. Part Two. Notes on Ascomycete Systematics. Nos. 4751–5113. Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences Number 1:1-64. PDF 1.13 MB
Out of date: Tree of Life page for Sordariomycetes.
Taxon links:
90350 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum