boletus-variipes-adh-2014

Order Boletales E.-J. Gilbert

Les Livres du Mycologue Tome I-IV, Tom. III: Les Bolets: 83 (1931)

Type: Boletus L. 1753

This is a large order with 15 or more families, 90 or more genera, and about 1400 species. Five suborders are shown in brackets. Representative (but not all) genera are listed below.

  1. Boletaceae [Boletineae] (Boletus, Bothia, Chamonixia, Chalciporus, Leccinum, Phylloporus, Strobilomyces, Tylopilus, Xanthoconium, Xerocomellus)
  2. Boletinellaceae [Sclerodermatineae] (Boletinellus, Phlebopus)
  3. Coniophoraceae [Coniophorineae] (Coniophora)
  4. Diplocystaceae or Diplocystidiaceae (Astraeus, Diplocystis)
  5. Gasterellaceae (Gasterella)
  6. Gomphidiaceae [Suillineae] (Chroogomphus, Cystogomphus, Gomphidius, Gomphogaster)
  7. Gyroporaceae [Sclerodermatineae] (Gyroporus)
  8. Hygrophoropsidaceae (Hygrophoropsis, Leucogyrophana)
  9. Paxillaceae [Boletineae] (Alpova, Gyrodon, Meiorganum, Melanogaster, Paragyrodon, Paxillus)
  10. Protogastraceae (Protogaster)
  11. Rhizopogonaceae [Suillineae] (Rhizopogon, Rhopalogaster)
  12. Sclerodermataceae [Sclerodermatineae] (Calostoma, Pisolithus, Scleroderma)
  13. Serpulaceae (Serpula)
  14. Suillaceae [Suillineae] (Suillus, Truncocolumella)
  15. Tapinellaceae [Tapinellineae] (Pseudomerulius, Tapinella)

Uncertain placement:

Taxonomy:
The Boletaceae (>250 spp.) is experiencing a rapid proliferation of genus names as clades are split into smaller and smaller groups of species. This seems to be driven in part by the rejection of lumping favored genera, such as Leccinum, Strobilomyces, and Tylopilus, back into a larger (old) concept for Boletus. Contrast this with the large and diverse genera Amanita (>200 spp.) and Cortinarius (>400 spp.) where splitting has been resisted.
Online resources have not kept up with some rearrangements of genera and families. Sclerogastraceae (Sclerogaster) has been shown to belong in the Geastrales (Hosaka et al. 2006), though Index Fungorum and Mycobank still place the group in the Boletales (as of 2016). The Gastrosporiaceae (Gastrosporium) is now in Phallales.
Related links:
Binder, M. and D. S. Hibbett. 2006. Molecular systematics and biological diversification of Boletales. Mycologia, 98(6): 971–981.
Hibbett, D. S., R. Bauer, M. Binder, A.J. Giachini, K. Hosaka, A. Justo, E. Larsson, K.H. Larsson, J.D. Lawrey, O. Miettinen, L. Nagy, R.H. Nilsson, M. Weiss, and R.G. Thorn. 2014. Agaricomycetes. Pp. 373–429 In: Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. (D. J. McLaughlin and J. W. Spatafora, Eds.), Springer Verlag. [Chapter 14 and complete volume PDF at Hibbett Lab Publications.]
Nuhn, M. E., M. Binder, A. F. S. Taylor, R. E. Halling, D. S. Hibbett. 2013. Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae. Fungal Biology 117: 479-511.
Descriptions:
Tree of Life (2008) ; Wikipedia.
Taxon links:
90529 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum