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Family Cantharellaceae J. Schröt.

in Cohn, Krypt.-Fl. Schlesien (Breslau) 3.1(25–32): 413 (1888) [1889]

Type: Cantharellus Adans. ex Fr. 1821

This family contains the chanterelles, trumpets, and their close relatives. They are all thought to be ectomycorrhizal, forming beneficial partnerships with plant roots, primarily the beech family (beech, oak) and pine family (fir, hemlock, pine, spruce, etc.) in our temperate region. Chanterelles and trumpets can be found in the same spot from year to year.

The ridges of chanterelles are not considered to be true gills. The ridges are indeterminate in growth, becoming thicker as the hymenium develops new layers of basidia over the previous ones.

The family contains five to seven genera (depending on how they are split). Cantharellus and Craterellus are widespread in both temperate and tropical regions. Pseudocraterellus (widespread) is perhaps not distinct from Craterellus. Afrocantharellus (Africa) is better treated as a subgenus of Cantharellus (Buyck et al. 2014). The other tropical groups have one to several species: Goossensia (Africa), Parastereopsis (Borneo), and Pterygellus (tropical Asia). Chicago Region species are listed below, though more work is required.

  1. Cantharellus, Ca. chicagoensis, Ca. cinnabarinus, Ca. enelensis, Ca. flavus, Ca. lateritius, Ca. minor, Ca. phasmatis, and a few requiring sequencing.
  2. Craterellus, Cr. fallax, Cr. foetidus, Cr. ignicolor, Cr. tubaeformis, and one unknown (Pseudocraterellus).
Taxonomy:
Previously Craterellus was separated from Cantharellus based on the absence of clamp connections; the fruitbody was tubular funnel-shaped and typically dark gray to black, though some, such as Cr. odoratus, are yellow. Based on DNA analysis, some of the chanterelles with clamps are now placed in Craterellus, these are typically funnel-shaped with hollow stems. The chanterelles remaining in Cantharellus usually have solid stems.
Related links:
Buyck B., F. Kauff, G. Eyssartier, A. Couloux, V. Hofstetter. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny for worldwide Cantharellus (Cantharellales, Agaricomycetidae). Fungal Diversity 64: 101–121.
Wikipedia : Cantharellaceae
Taxon links:
80552 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum