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Genus Cantharellus Adans. ex Fr.

Syst. mycol. (Lundae) 1: 316 (1821)

Type: Cantharellus cibarius Fr. 1821

Many of the species described for North America have been named in the last 30 years. There are more new species that remain to be determined and published. The true Cantharellus cibarius, described from Sweden, has not been proven to exist in North America. Phylogenetic work (Leacock et al. 2016) revealed a higher diversity of chanterelle species for the Chicago Region than we expected. Other species that may occur here but are not documented include Ca. spectaculus and Ca. deceptivus, oak associates known from Wisconsin. When collecting chanterelles for study be aware that two or more species may be found in close proximity.

Chanterelles have been found from June 28th to October 2nd in the region. The poisonous Omphalotus has a similar season of June 25th to October 23rd. At least nine Chanterelles are documented from the Chicago Region but two are rare and a few are unknowns.

  1. Ca. chicagoensis (common in Cook County; broader distribution poorly known).
  2. Ca. cinnabarinus (uncommon in Cook County; locally common at Indiana Dunes).
  3. Ca. enelensis (rare).
  4. Ca. flavus (rare).
  5. Ca. lateritius (uncommon in NW Indiana, not recorded for NE Illinois).
  6. Ca. minor (rare in Cook County; locally common at Indiana Dunes).
  7. Ca. phasmatis (rare).
  8. unknown (rare).
  9. unknown (rare).
Taxonomy:
Moffatt (1909) and Harper identified several species that are no longer in Cantharellus but are placed in Arrhenia, Craterellus, and Hygrophoropsis.
Related links:
Buyck B., F. Kauff, G. Eyssartier, A. Couloux, V. Hofstetter. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny for worldwide Cantharellus (Cantharellales, Agaricomycetidae). Fungal Diversity 64: 101–121.
Foltz, M. J., K. E. Perez, T. J. Volk. 2013. Molecular phylogeny and morphology reveal three new species of Cantharellus within 20 m of one another in western Wisconsin, USA. Mycologia 105: 447–461.
Leacock, P. R., J. Riddell, A. W. Wilson, R. Zhang, C. Ning, G. M. Mueller. 2016. Cantharellus chicagoensis sp. nov. is supported by molecular and morphological analysis as a new yellow chanterelle in midwestern United States. Mycologia 108(5): 765–772.
Wikipedia : Cantharellus
Taxon links:
17236 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum ; Species Fungorum

Note. The citation given in Mycobank (2014) was Cantharellus Juss., Gen. Pl. (1789). Sanctioned by: Fr. SM1:5,316 (1821). Remarks: based on Chanterel Adanson 1763.