Order Geastrales K. Hosaka & Castellano

Mycologia 98 (6): 957 (2006)

Type: Geastrum Pers. 1794

This order is said to have 7 genera and 64 species but Geastrum has 88 accepted epithets on Index Fungorum. Several new species are being discovered around the world.

  1. Geastraceae (Geastrum, Myriostoma)
  2. Sclerogastraceae
  3. Schenellaceae
  4. Sphaerobolaceae (Sphaerobolus)
DNA studies show that some species, such as Geastrum triplex, are more than one species.
Related links:
Hibbett, D. S., R. Bauer, M. Binder, A.J. Giachini, K. Hosaka, A. Justo, E. Larsson, K.H. Larsson, J.D. Lawrey, O. Miettinen, L. Nagy, R.H. Nilsson, M. Weiss, and R.G. Thorn. 2014. Agaricomycetes. Pp. 373–429 In: Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. (D. J. McLaughlin and J. W. Spatafora, Eds.), Springer Verlag. [Chapter 14 and complete volume PDF at Hibbett Lab Publications.]
Hosaka K. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the gomphoid-phalloid fungi with an establishment of the new subclass Phallomycetidae and two new orders. Mycologia 98:949–959.
Hosaka K. and M.A. Castellano. 2008. Molecular phylogenetics of Geastrales with special emphasis on the position of Sclerogaster. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Series B 34: 161-173. . PDF available at CiNii, Japan.
Tree of Life (2008) ; Wikipedia.
Taxon links:
501522 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum