Genus Phanerochaete P. Karst.

Bidrag till Kännedom av Finlands Natur och Folk 48: 426 (1889)

Type: Thelephora alnea Fr. : Fr., Systema Mycologicum 1: 446 (1821)

Phanerochaete in the broad sense is polyphyletic with some species being moved and new genera introduced. Hal Burdsall has found P. alnea on red pine in Wisconsin, and on hemlock in Michigan; it is found on other conifers and hardwoods (Spirin et al. 2017). Spirin et al. (2017) state that Most Canadian and [continental] US records of P. velutina on angiosperm hosts refer to P. rhodella. ... European and North American specimens of P. velutina collected from conifers probably represent P. alnea.

Phanerochaete is poorly known for the Chicago Region with the following species reported.

  1. Phanerochaete affinis
  2. Phanerochaete avellanea
  3. Phanerochaete burtii (verified)
  4. Phanerochaete laevis (verified)
  5. Phanerochaete sordida
  6. Phanerochaete subceracea
  7. Phanerochaete velutina (was verified, but this may be P. rhodella)
Phanerochaete filamentosa has been moved to Rhizochaete. Phanerochaete chrysorhiza has been moved to Hydnophlebia (Meruliaceae).
Both Phanerochaete alnea and Phanerochaete velutina have been considered as the type species for the genus, partly due to differing concepts and synonymy. Spirin et al. (2017) investigated the morphology and phylogeny of the group and argue for P. alnea as the type and selected a type specimen.
Related links:
Floudas D., D. S. Hibbett. 2015. Revisiting the taxonomy of Phanerochaete (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) using a four gene dataset and extensive ITS sampling. Fungal Biology 119(8): 679-719.
Spirin, V., S. Volobuev, M. Okun, O. Miettinen, K.-H. Larsson. 2017. What is the type species of Phanerochaete (Polyporales, Basidiomycota)? Mycological Progress 16(2): 171 to 183.
Taxon links:
18245 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum ; Species Fungorum