lopharia

Genus Lopharia Kalchbr. & MacOwan

in Kalchbrenner, Grevillea 10(no. 54): 58 (1881)

Type species: Lopharia lirellosa Kalchbr. & MacOwan, Grevillea 10 (54): 58 (1881); a later synonym of Radulum mirabile Berk. & Broome, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14(no. 73): 61 (1873); ≡ Lopharia mirabilis (Berk. & Broome) Pat., Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France 11: 14 (1895)

Lopharia are stereoid fungi, effused-reflexed or resupinate, with dimitic hyphal system, generative hyphae with clamps, and hymenium with large encrusted thick-walled cystidia. The upper surface, when present, is velvety to tomentose. The hymenium is smooth or sometimes with bumps or teeth or with somewhat shallow pores. With some species transferred to Hjortstamia, Phanerochaete and Porostereum, this genus is now treated in a more restricted sense. Lopharia cinerascens is a widespread species in USA and Canada. There is a record of Lopharia rugulosa in California. There are other species in Mexico and the tropics.

  1. Lopharia cinerascens is a stereoid crust with hairy upper surface.
Taxonomy:
The genus Lopharia has been classified in the Phanerochaetaceae and the Stereaceae, but is currently in the Polyporaceae (Justo et al. 2017). If that family gets split up, there is another legitimate family name available: Lophariaceae Boidin, Mugnier & Canales 1998. The Lophariaceae clade is the earliest diverging lineage in the Polyporaceae (Justo et al. 2017). This is outside of the trametoid clade, which is Trametes in the sense of Justo and Hibbett (2011), and the large polyporus clade.
For the various concepts of this genus see the descriptions and discussion in the related links below.
Related links:
Bernicchia, A., S. P. Gorjón. 2010. Corticiaceae s.l. Series: Fungi Europaei Volume: 12 [English]. 1008 pp. Publisher: Editrice Giovanna Biella. Description on MycoBank
Binder, M., A. Justo, R. Riley, A. Salamov, F. Lopez-Giraldez, E. Sjökvist, A. Copeland, B. Foster, H. Sun, E. Larsson, K-H. Larsson, J. Townsend, I. V. Grigoriev, and D. S. Hibbett. 2013. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic overview of the Polyporales. Mycologia 105(6): 1350-1373.
Chamuris, G.P. 1988. The non-stipitate steroid fungi in the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Mycologia Memoirs. 14: 1-247. Description on MycoBank
Justo, A. and D.S. Hibbett. 2011. Phylogenetic classification of Trametes (Basidiomycota, Polyporales) based on a five-marker dataset. Taxon 60(6): 1567-1583.
Justo, A., O. Miettinen, D. Floudas, B. Ortiz-Santana, E. Sjökvist, D. Lindner, K. K. Nakasone, T. Niemelä, K.-H. Larsson, L. Ryvarden, D.S. Hibbett. 2017. A revised family-level classification of the Polyporales (Basidiomycota), Fungal Biology 121(9): 798-824. Justo Publications.
Talbot, P. H. B. 1954. On the Genus Lopharia Kalchbrenner & MacOwan. Bothalia 6(2): 339-344.
Taxon links:
17993 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum ; Species Fungorum