Order Russulales Kreisel ex P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon & J.C. David

Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi, 9th edition (Wallingford): xi (2001)

Type: Russula Pers. 1796

This is a diverse order containing various growth forms. Members have gloeoplerous hyphae containing fluid that typically stains black in sulfoaldehyde compounds. Many have amyloid spore walls or hyphal walls but this is not a consistent feature. Genera lacking representatives in the Chicago Region are not listed below. For complete picture see links below.

  1. Albatrellaceae (Albatrellus)
  2. Aleurocystidiellum clade
  3. Amylostereaceae
  4. Auriscalpiaceae (Artomyces, Auriscalpium, Lentinellus)
  5. Bondarzewiaceae, Echinodontiaceae (Bondarzewia, Heterobasidion)
  6. Gloeocystidiellaceae
  7. Gloeodontia clade
  8. Hericiaceae (Hericium, Laxitextum)
  9. Peniophoraceae (Dichostereum, Gloiothele, Peniophora, Scytinostroma, Vararia)
  10. Russulaceae (Lactarius, Lactifluus, Russula)
  11. Stereaceae (Aleurodiscus, Stereum, Xylobolus)
  12. uncertain placement
The Russulales comprises 9 or more families and approximately 80 genera and 4000 species worldwide (Miller et al. 2006). This expanded concept absorbed six other orders, some remaining as families. The order was based on Russulales Kreisel 1969, nom. inval. (Art. 36.1).
Related links:
Russulales News is now online
Hibbett, D. S., R. Bauer, M. Binder, A.J. Giachini, K. Hosaka, A. Justo, E. Larsson, K.H. Larsson, J.D. Lawrey, O. Miettinen, L. Nagy, R.H. Nilsson, M. Weiss, and R.G. Thorn. 2014. Agaricomycetes. Pp. 373–429 In: Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. (D. J. McLaughlin and J. W. Spatafora, Eds.), Springer Verlag. [Chapter 14 and complete volume PDF at Hibbett Lab Publications.]
Larsson, E., K-H. Larsson. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of russuloid basidiomycetes with emphasis on aphyllophoralean taxa. Mycologia 95(6): 1037-1065.
Miller, S. L., E. Larsson, K-H. Larsson, A. Verbeken, J. Nuytinck. 2006. Perspectives in the new Russulales. Mycologia 98(6): 960-970.
Tree of Life (2004) ; Wikipedia.
Taxon links:
90569 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum