Family Sebacinaceae K. Wells & Oberw.

Mycologia 74: 329 (1982)

Type: Sebacina Tul. & C. Tul. 1873

These jelly fungi have transversely septate basidia similar to Auricularia. Many of these are ectomycorrhizal, others are endophytes. The family was first created to include Sebacina, Tremellodendron, and Tremelloscypha.

  1. Chaetospermum (synonym: Efibulobasidium, known from Vancouver Canada)
  2. Craterocolla
  3. Globulisebacina
  4. Helvellosebacina, H. concrescens group (USA), H. helvelloides
  5. Paulisebacina
  6. Sebacina, S. incrustans, S. pseudocandida (S. candida), S. schweinitzii (S. pallida), S. sparassoidea
  7. Tremelloscypha (T. gelatinosa in Florida; possibly Sebacina amesii in New York)
For Sebacinaceae, there were two genera known for the Chicago Region. Both genera were polyphyletic, containing multiple groups of species that are not directly related. Some of these fungi were lumped into one broad Sebacina genus. Tremellodendron is just one of the growth forms of Sebacina, as is Tremella reticulata that was moved to Sebacina recently. Some species were split out and others shuffled between various genera. See the papers listed below. Two of these new combinations appear to have nomenclatural problems. Some Tremellodendron species have not been moved to Sebacina and I don't know their status.
Related links:
Hibbett, D. S., R. Bauer, M. Binder, A.J. Giachini, K. Hosaka, A. Justo, E. Larsson, K.H. Larsson, J.D. Lawrey, O. Miettinen, L. Nagy, R.H. Nilsson, M. Weiss, and R.G. Thorn. 2014. Agaricomycetes. Pp. 373–429 In: Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. (D. J. McLaughlin and J. W. Spatafora, Eds.), Springer Verlag. [Chapter 14 and complete volume PDF at Hibbett Lab Publications.]
Oberwinkler, F., K. Riess, R. Bauer, R. Garnica. 2014. Morphology and molecules: the Sebacinales, a case study. Mycological Progress 13: 445.
Weiss, M., M.-A. Selosse, K. H. Rexer, A. Urban, and F. Oberwinkler. 2004. Sebacinales: a hitherto overlooked cosm of heterobasidiomycetes with a broad mycorrhizal potential. Mycological Research 108(9):1003-1010.
Weiss, M., F. Waller, A. Zuccaro, M.-A. Selosse. 2016. Sebacinales – one thousand and one interactions with land plants. New Phytologist. 211(1):20-40.
Wells, K., F. Oberwinkler. 1982. Tremelloscypha gelatinosa, a Species of a New Family Sebacinaceae. Mycologia 74(2):325-331.
Taxon links:
81612 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum