prl11471

Class Dacrymycetes Doweld

Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum, Tentamen systematis plantarum vascularium (Tracheophyta): LXXVII (2001)

Type: Dacrymyces Nees 1816

This group of jelly fungi is distinguished by the tuning fork basidium; the long cell has two long sterigmata. It contains one order and one main family with 11 genera and 100 species. Cerinomycetaceae Jülich (1981) is either a separate family or a synonym. Shirouzu et al. 2013 (link below) created a new genus, family, and order for Dacrymyces unisporus: Unilacryma unispora (L.S. Olive) Shirouzu, Tokum. & Oberw., Unilacrymaceae, Unilacrymales.

Taxon links:
501296 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum

Order Dacrymycetales Lindau

Natürl. Pflanzenfam.: 96 (1898)

Type: Dacrymyces Nees 1816

Taxon links:
90538 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum

Family Dacrymycetaceae Bref.

Untersuchungen aus dem Gesammtgebiete der Mykologie 7: 138 (1888)

Type: Dacrymyces Nees 1816

Taxon links:
81853 MycoBank ; Index Fungorum

The following genera and species have been identified from the Chicago Region. Most require further documentation and determination of the species.

  1. Calocera (about 23 species), C. cornea, possibly C. viscosa
  2. Cerinomyces (about 14 species), needs confirmation for Chicago
  3. Dacrymyces (about 59 species), D. stillatus at least
  4. Dacryopinax (about 21 species), D. elegans, D. spathularia
  5. Guepiniopsis (about 8 species), to be determined

Additional genera in this family.

  1. Cerinosterus (anamorph, one species)
  2. Dacryonaema (one species in Europe)
  3. Dacryoscyphus (anamorph, one species)
  4. Ditiola (about 20 species)
  5. Femsjonia (about 6 species)
Taxonomy:
The classification of these genera will change; at least Cerinomyces, Dacrymyces and Dacryopinax are polyphyletic. The orphan species Dacryomycetopsis rosea Rick (1958) may belong to this class or somewhere else in the Basidiomycota.
Related links:
McLaughlin, D. J. and J. W. Spatafora, Eds. 2014. Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. Springer Verlag. [complete volume PDF at Hibbett Lab Publications.]
Shirouzu et al. 2013. Combined molecular and morphological data for improving phylogenetic hypothesis in Dacrymycetes. Mycologia 105(5): 1110-1125.
Descriptions:
Tree of Life (2008) ; Wikipedia.