Other Fungi: groups of microfungi

As can be seen in the lists below, there is a vast array of fungi that are microscopic. The majority of plants harbor arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Glomeromycota, in their roots but it requires microscopic techniques to see them. They generally don't produce fruitbodies, just large spores in the soil. Besides bread molds in your kitchen you may find Spinellus fusiger, a zygomycete mold on the mushroom Mycena haematopus. One cytrid you may find in the woods is Synchytrium decipiens, a bright orange "false rust" parasite on the plant called American hogpeanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata).

  1. Ascomycota: includes plant pathogens, yeasts, molds
  2. Basidiomycota: includes rusts, smuts, and some yeasts
  3. Glomeromycota: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
    • Incertae sedis (uncertain placement, no Classes)
      • Archaeosporales
      • Diversisporales
      • Glomerales
      • Paraglomerales
      • Familia incertae
  4. Entomophthoromycota
    • Basidiobolomycetes
      • Basidiobolales
    • Entomophthoromycetes
      • Entomophthorales
    • Neozygitomycetes
      • Neozygitales
  5. other zygomycotan fungi (previously Trichomycetes and Zygomycetes)
    • Subphylum Kickxellomycotina
      • Asellariales
      • Dimargaritales
      • Harpellales
      • Kickxellales
    • Subphylum Mortierellomycotina
      • Mortierellales
    • Subphylum Mucoromycotina
      • Endogonales
      • Mucorales
    • Subphylum Zoopagomycotina
      • Zoopagales
  6. Blastocladiomycota
    • Blastocladiomycetes
      • Blastocladiales
  7. Chytridiomycota: zoosporic fungi
    • Chytridiomycetes
      • Chytridiales
      • Cladochytriales
      • Lobulomycetales
      • Polychytriales
      • Rhizophlyctidales
      • Rhizophydiales
      • Spizellomycetales
  8. Monoblepharidomycota: zoosporic fungi with oogamous sexual reproduction
    • Monoblepharidomycetes
      • Monoblepharidales
      • Harpochytriales
    • Hyaloraphidiomycetes
      • Hyaloraphidiales
  9. Neocallimastigomycota
    • Neocallimastigomycetes
      • Neocallimastigales
  10. Phylum Microsporidia: now considered fungi but remain subject to the rules of the International Code for Zoological Nomenclature. A new classification of the over 1200 species is under development.
Taxonomy:
The classification shown above is from McLaughlin and Spatafora (2014).
Related links:
See the interactive tree at Tree of Live web project (out of date).
McLaughlin, D. J. and J. W. Spatafora, Eds. 2014. Systematics and Evolution, Second Edition, The Mycota VII Part A. Springer Verlag. See also Hibbett Lab Publications.