Family Xylariaceae Tul. & C. Tul.

[not just dead man's fingers]

Xylariaceae is a large and diverse family. Many are saprobes. Some are endophytes or can cause plant disease.

Daranagama et al. (2017) list 37 genera for the family, including Striatodecospora. Wijayawardene et al. list the 44 genera below but put Striatodecospora with Xylariales genera incertae sedis. Three genera are recorded in the Chicago Region.

  1. Abieticola
  2. Amphirosellinia
  3. Anthostomella
  4. Anthostomelloides
  5. Apioclypea
  6. Ascotricha
  7. Astrocystis
  8. Beltraniopsis
  9. Brunneiapiospora
  10. Brunneiperidium
  11. Clypeosphaeria
  12. Collodiscula
  13. Coniolariella
  14. Crassoascus
  15. Emarcea
  16. Engleromyces
  17. Entalbostroma
  18. Entoleuca
  19. Euepixylon
  20. Gigantospora
  21. Halorosellinia
  22. Helicogermslita
  23. Hypocopra
  24. Hypocreodendron
  25. Kretzschmaria (K. deusta, previously Ustulina deusta)
  26. Kretzschmariella
  27. Leprieuria
  28. Lunatiannulus
  29. Nemania
  30. Nipicola
  31. Palmaria
  32. Podosordaria
  33. Poronia
  34. Rosellinia (historic Chicago records: R. aquila, R. glandiformis, R. subiculata)
  35. Sabalicola
  36. Sarcoxylon
  37. Spirodecospora
  38. Squamotubera
  39. Stilbohypoxylon
  40. Vamsapriya
  41. Virgaria
  42. Wawelia
  43. Xylaria (X. acuta, X. cornu-damae, X. longiana, X. longipes, X. polymorpha, Xylocoremium flabelliforme)
  44. Xylotumulus

Taxon Details and Links

  • Xylariaceae Tul. & C. Tul., Selecta Fungorum Carpologia, Tomus Secundus. Xylariei - Valsei - Sphaeriei 2: 3 (1863). Emended by M. Stadler & L. Wendt in Wendt et al. (2017). Type: Xylaria Hill ex Schrank, Baierische Flora 1: 200 (1789).
Wendt et al. (2018) split the Hypoxylaceae back out of the Xylariaceae. The two families differ in their asexual morphs (anamorphs). In the Chicago Region we have Xylocoremium flabelliforme, which is the anamorph of Xylaria cubensis. Some of these anamorph genus names may be used if the polyphyletic Xylaria is split into multiple genera (Daranagama et al. 2017, Stadler et al. 2013).
Discover Life: Xylariaceae. Synoptic picture key. Must be a work in progress since there are only 25 species included.
Rogers, Jack D., Yu-Ming Ju, Michael J. Adams. Xylariaceae Website. Keys and descriptions (technical).
Daranagama, D. A., K. D. Hyde, E. B. Sir, K. M. Thambugala, Q. Tian, M. C. Samarakoon, E. H. C. McKenzie, S. C. Jayasiri, S. Tibpromma, J. D. Bhat, X-Z. Liu, M. Stadler. 2017. Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Graphostromataceae, Hypoxylaceae, Lopadostomataceae and Xylariaceae Fungal Diversity 88(1): 1–165. DOI: 10.1007/s13225-017-0388-y
Hsieh, H.-M., C.-R. Lin, M.-J. Fang, J. D. Rogers, J. Fournier, C. Lechat, Y.-M. Ju. 2010. Phylogenetic status of Xylaria subgenus Pseudoxylaria among taxa of the subfamily Xylarioideae (Xylariaceae) and phylogeny of the taxa involved in the subfamily. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54(3): 957–969. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.12.015
Stadler, M., E. Kuhnert, D. Peršoh, J. Fournier. 2013. The Xylariaceae as model example for a unified nomenclature following the One Fungus-One Name (1F1N) concept. Mycology 4(1): 5-21. DOI: 10.1080/21501203.2013.782478
Wendt, L., E. B. Sir, E. Kuhnert, S. Heitkämper, C. Lambert, A. I. Hladki, A. I. Romero, J. J. Luangsa-Ard, P. Srikitikulchai, D. Peršoh, M. Stadler. 2018. Resurrection and emendation of the Hypoxylaceae, recognised from a multigene phylogeny of the Xylariales. Mycological Progress 17(1-2): 115–154. DOI: 10.1007/s11557-017-1311-3
Wijayawardene, N. N., K. D. Hyde, H. T. Lumbsch, J. K. Liu, S. S. N. Maharachchikumbura, A. H. Ekanayaka, Q. Tian, R. Phookamsak. 2018. Outline of Ascomycota: 2017. Fungal Diversity 88(1): 167–263. DOI: 10.1007/s13225-018-0394-8
Index Fungorum

Compare Index Fungorum and Mycobank.

Cite this page as: Leacock, P.R. (2018 Aug 06). Xylariaceae - MycoGuide. Retrieved from

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