Many of the species described for North America have been named in the last 30 years. There are more new species that remain to be determined and published. The true Cantharellus cibarius, described from Sweden, has some closely related populations in North America.
Phylogenetic work (Leacock et al. 2016) revealed a higher diversity of chanterelle species for the Chicago Region than we expected. Other species that may occur here but are not documented include Ca. deceptivus, red oak associate known from Wisconsin and Indiana. Stephen Russell (2019 personal communication) has sequenced additional species in Indiana. When collecting chanterelles for study be aware that two or more species may be found in close proximity.
Chanterelles have been found from June 28th to October 2nd in the region. The poisonous Omphalotus has a similar season of June 25th to October 23rd. At least nine Chanterelles are documented from the Chicago Region but several are rare and one is a possible unpublished species.
- Ca. chicagoensis (common in Cook County; broader distribution poorly known).
- Ca. cinnabarinus (uncommon in Cook County; locally common at Indiana Dunes).
- Ca. enelensis (rare).
- Ca. flavus (rare).
- Ca. lateritius (uncommon in NW Indiana, not recorded for NE Illinois).
- Ca. minor (rare in Cook County; locally common at Indiana Dunes).
- Ca. phasmatis (rare).
- Ca. spectaculus (rare).
- unknown (rare).
Taxon Details and Links
- Cantharellus Syst. mycol. (Lundae) 1: 316 (1821). Type: Cantharellus cibarius Fr. 1821. ,
- Moffatt (1909) and Harper identified several species that are no longer in Cantharellus but are placed in Arrhenia, Craterellus, and Hygrophoropsis.
- Wikipedia : Cantharellus
- Buyck B., F. Kauff, G. Eyssartier, A. Couloux, V. Hofstetter. 2014. A multilocus phylogeny for worldwide Cantharellus (Cantharellales, Agaricomycetidae). Fungal Diversity 64: 101–121. DOI: 10.1007/s13225-013-0272-3
- Buyck, B., I. Olariaga, B. P. Looney, N. J. Justice, V. Hofstetter. 2016. Wisconsin chanterelles revisited and first indications for very wide distributions of Cantharellus species in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Cryptogamie, Mycologie 37(3): 345-366. DOI: 10.7872/crym/v37.iss3.2016.345
- Foltz, M. J., K. E. Perez, T. J. Volk. 2013. Molecular phylogeny and morphology reveal three new species of Cantharellus within 20 m of one another in western Wisconsin, USA. Mycologia 105: 447–461. DOI: 10.3852/12-181
- Leacock, P. R., J. Riddell, A. W. Wilson, R. Zhang, C. Ning, G. M. Mueller. 2016. Cantharellus chicagoensis sp. nov. is supported by molecular and morphological analysis as a new yellow chanterelle in midwestern United States. Mycologia 108(4): 765–772. DOI: 10.3852/15-230 [Available here: Leacock PDF with supplemental figures]
- Thorn, R. Greg, Jee In Kim, Renée Lebeuf, Andrus Voitk. 2017. The golden chanterelles of Newfoundland and Labrador: a new species, a new record for North America, and a lost species rediscovered. Botany 95(6): 547–560. DOI: 10.1139/cjb-2016-0213